2022-11-27

BDMETER

Global Industry Technology Information

Industrial Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment

2 min read

What Industrial Supplier Compliance Manual said?

  • Hazard identification and risk assessment (HIRA) should be
    performed for all activities conducted at the facility, and include off-site activities are related to the Supplier’s business.
  • HIRA should be contradicted at least once (1) per year
  • EHS risk assessment should include

Why we need Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment at Workplace Level?

  • As part of the key aspects of Risk Management, it aims to:-
  • Reduce the likelihood and consequence of a workplace incident that may result in injury or disease
  • Free from significant risks in the factory workplace
  • Control risks and prevent workplace injuries

The Risk Pyramid

From: A.W. Heinrich, Industrial Accident Prevention: A Scientific Approach, McGraw Hill, NY 1931

The Iceberg Theory

Direct Costs (Obvious)

  • Medical expenses (doctor visits, physical therapy, medicine, etc.), claim, repair or replace damages
  • Litigation due to workplace injury /environmental violation Indirect Costs (Not Obvious)
  • Administrative costs
  • Lost supervisory/service time
  • Co-worker’s lost time during emergency / HSE incidence
  • Learning curve of replacement worker
  • Ruined services
  • Overtime for operations to catch up back
  • Legal fees
  • Capital cost increased due to resource consumption / energy usage
  • Reduced morale & productivity
  • Negative publicity
  • Damage to customer relations

What Is a Hazard?

An act or condition that:

  • Can cause impact/harm or situation with the potential to cause loss on people or the environment;
  • Violates laws;
  • Violates company policy, standards, or requirements.

Example Classification of Occupational Safety and Health Hazard

ChemicalPhysicalBiologicalErgonomicPsychologicalGeneral Safety
Fumes Gases
Liquids
Particulate
Dusts
Vapors
Non ionizing
radiation (e.g lasers,
radio frequencies,
microwaves,
ultraviolet light)
Pressure Vibration
O2 deficiency
Insect (e.g, ants,bees,
scorpions, spiders,
mosquitoes)
Microbes (e.g, bacteria
(tuberculosis), parasites,
viruses (hepatitis B, HIV,
others))
Toxic plants (e.g, poison
oak)
Reptiles (e.g, drinking
water, hygiene facilities)
Small mammals (e.g,
dogs, rodents, skunks)
²Potentially violent people
Circadian rhytm (e.g,
shift work/ rest
cycles) Fatigue
(extended work hours)
¹Hand tools
²Manual material
handling (e.g,
biomechanics, lifting,
pushing, pulling,
carryng)
²Work station design
(e.g, dials, controls,
signals, labeling,
office (computer)
workstations)
Mental task
overload
Stress
(occupational and
non-occupational)
Substance abuse
Repetitive
physiological
Organization
behavior
¹Construction
¹Maintenance
¹Electrical
¹Emergencies
¹Enviromental
conditions
¹Fires/ explosion
¹Mechanical and
machinery systems
¹Motorized equipment
¹Pressurized systems
¹Fall protection
¹Motor vehicle
occupant safety
Note : All hazard must be addresses in employer’s overall safety and health program if present at work site
¹Employee safety health regulations adopted
²Employee safety health regulation in development (1995)

METHODS TO IDENTIFY HAZARDS

  • Review legislation & code of practices
  • Accident data
  • Observe
  • MSDS
  • Inspections
  • JSA ( Job Safety Analysis) etc

What Is a Risk?

  • Poorly managed or unmanaged hazards
  • The probability of a specific adverse effect to occur :
  • Injury
    • Illness
    • Environmental impact
    • Non-compliance with regulatory standards
    • Non-compliance with company standards

DEFINITION: RISK ASSESSMENT

RISK ASSESSMENT: A careful examination of what in the workplace, could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm. The aim is to make sure no-one gets hurt or becomes ill.

Risk Assessment

• Risk = Severity X Probability
• Risk shall be assessed
• Process hazards
• Conformance with organizational standards and regulations

To be continued…

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